Abstract physico-chemical analysis of soil samples at an oil spill site in a typic udipsamment of the niger delta basin of nigeria showed that the total hydrocarbon content of top soil layers ranged from 186 to 236 ppm in the heavy impact zone and the oil had penetrated to a depth op 84 m. Effect of oil spillage on alakiri community in okrika local 139 effect of oil spillage on alakiri community in okrika local government area of rivers state. Scientific american is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Assessing the effects of the gulf of mexico oil spill on human health is a useful resource that can help policy makers, public health officials, academics, community advocates, scientists, and members of the public collaborate to create a monitoring and surveillance system that results in actionable information and that identifies emerging. The oil spills affected at least 1500 communities in the eight crude oil-producing states in nigeria, and were mainly from the 5284 oil wells that were drilled (as at 2006) and the 7000 km of crude oil pipeline that crisscrosses the niger delta region 6 table 1 shows the causes of the crude oil spill. Oil spillage on farmlands is as a result of crude oil exploitation, the soil ( receptor) is soak up by the oil like sponges and prevents the lenticels of crops to absorb oxygen – hence oxygen starvation (oyedejii et al, 2012.
Effects of oil spills on habitats one of the areas that is most obviously affected after an oil spill is the shoreline the oil washes up on the beaches coating the sand, rocks, and plants with oily residue. Spatial variation in natural mortality may significantly alter the effect of an oil spill on the recruitment of marine fish in prospective studies of possible population impacts of oil spills, this has up until now largely been ignored. According to the arcop-study 1 , it seems that long-term effects of oil spills on open water ecosystem may be less important than generally assumed, and restricted to a relatively small area however, there is still uncertainty about the effect of oil in ice covered environments. Oil spill pollution may comprise a variety of amounts starting with one or more gallons of oil and up to millions or even hundreds of millions of gallons spilled the term is usually associated with the oil spills in the ocean and coastal waters. The effects of oil spillage in the niger delta a case study of ughelli south local government area of delta state table of content chapter one introduction 11 background of the study 12 statement of the problem 13 research questions 14 aims/objective of the study 15 significance of the study 16 scope of the study 17 limitation of the study chapter two 20 literature review 21 effect of.
This paper assessed the effects of oil spillage on community development in the niger delta region of nigeria with a view to determine its adverse effects on poverty and hunger and its eradication in the region the concepts of oil spillage, community development, poverty and hunger were reviewed. Oil spills also damage nesting grounds, potentially causing serious long-term effects on entire species the 2010 bp deepwater horizon offshore oil spill in the gulf of mexico , for example, occurred during prime mating and nesting season for many bird and marine species, and long-term environmental consequences of that spill won't be known for. When there is an oil spill, it's impossible to know in advance how many birds will be impacted international bird rescue works with local state and federal biologists to look at what animals are in the area at the time of a spill and try to determine what species and how many of them may be exposed to oil. The effects of an oil spill will depend on a variety of factors including, the quantity and type of oil spilled, and how it interacts with the marine environment. By chengzi guo ‘22 researchers at the georgia institute of technology have recently created a novel synthetic organelle system made of localized membraneless solutions that can carry out biological processes.
Oil spill oil spill is a form of pollutionan oil spill happens when crude oil or refined oil products are released into the water or on land huge tankers or trucks can be a major cause of oil spill when transporting large volume of oil from one place to another. Introduction transporting oil from production sources to consumption locations entails risks, most notably, the risk of accidental oil spills, which can cause severe damage to ecosystems and loss to human society. Following an oil spill, there are specialists and veterinarians to deal with oiled wildlife these experts are trained on how to clean oil from animals, rehabilitate them, and return them to the environment oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the. Good answer: i don t know enough about concrete to suggest test methods or repair methods i can suggest that whatever is done, patch repair or complete new floor, that before the machine is reinstalled, the.
Impacts and management of oil spill pollution along the nigerian coastal areas peter c nwilo and olusegun t badejo abstract nigeria has a coastline of approximately 853km facing the atlantic ocean. Environmental effects the impacts of oil pollution on marine ecosystem can be categorized into long term and short term effects suffocation cause by oil spills and oil poisoning are among the first group. Although few previous oil spills have reached the proportions of the deepwater horizon disaster, scientists have been combing the literature for clues about long- and short-term health impacts.