Polycystic kidney disease, a genetic condition where fluid-filled sacs form in your kidneys defects present at birth can block the urinary tract or affect the kidneys. Chronic kidney disease (ckd) is the presence of kidney damage, or a decreased level of kidney function, for a period of three months or more kidney disease can range from mild to severe and in some cases, lead to kidney failure (sometimes referred to as end-stage kidney disease, or eskd. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs located on both sides of the spine, behind the stomach their main purpose is to keep the composition of blood in the body balanced to maintain good health. The rate of decline in kidney function depends somewhat on the underlying disorder causing chronic kidney disease and on how well the disorder is controlled for example, diabetes and high blood pressure, particularly if poorly controlled, cause kidney function to decline more rapidly.
Descriptors: kidney disease, chronic kidney disease, cognitive function, dementia, cardiovascular risk factors a new case of dementia occurs every four seconds world-wide, which is equivalent to 77 million cases each year, and mild cognitive impairment is even more prevalent [ 1 . Kidneys are vital to human life and perform many functions they help to make red blood cells, regulate electrolytes, contribute to bone health, and most importantly, filter out waste from the blood. Similarly, “nephros” is the greek term for the kidneys, while “logos” refers to studyhence, nephrology is the subspecialty of medicine that deals with the management of kidney diseases and nephrologists are specialist physicians who deal with medical management of kidney disease, kidney transplantation, and hypertension.
Chronic kidney disease (ckd) is the progressive and irreversible destruction of the kidneys your kidneys are essential parts of your body they have several functions, including: helping maintain. Chronic kidney disease (ckd) resulting in reduced kidney function and the need for dialysis and kidney transplant is associated with abnormalities in serum calcium and phosphorus levels leading to high levels of the parathyroid hormone (pth) and to bone disease. Polycystic kidney disease , for example, is a genetic disorder in which many cysts grow in the kidneys pkd cysts can slowly replace much of the mass of the kidneys, reducing kidney function and. Kidney disease occurs when the kidneys cannot function properly there is not one type of “kidney disease” rather, a number of different conditions can cause disease and/or a loss in kidney function, and they have different signs and symptoms depending on how they affect the kidneys. If kidney function is reduced to less than 10 per cent of normal, the loss of function must be replaced by dialysis or a kidney transplant dialysis is a treatment for kidney failure that removes waste products and extra water from the blood by filtering it through a special membrane (fine filter.
Chronic kidney disease (ckd), also known as chronic renal disease is a term used to describe kidney damage or reduced kidney function (irrespective of the cause) that persists for more than 3 months. An overview of chronic kidney disease chronic kidney disease (ckd) is defined as either kidney damage or a decline in renal function as determined by decreased glomerular filtration rate (gfr) for three or more months it is estimated that 1 in 9 adults in the united states meet this criteria, while an additional 1 in 9 adults are at increased risk for ckd [. Chronic kidney failure involves a deterioration of kidney function over time in kids and teens, it can result from acute kidney failure that fails to improve, birth defects, chronic kidney diseases, or chronic severe high blood pressure. Moreover, elevation of urinary and serum ngal levels has been noted in a wide range of kidney diseases, including iga nephropathy, autosomal polycystic kidney disease, and diabetic nephropathy [ 58 , 59 .
Renovascular disease is a disease of the blood vessels that supply the kidneys it occurs mostly in older adults, especially in people with heart and circulatory diseases and those who smoke it occurs mostly in older adults, especially in people with heart and circulatory diseases and those who smoke. Chronic kidney disease (ckd) is a long-term condition where the kidneys don't work as well as they should it's a common condition often associated with getting older anyone can get it, although it's more common in black people and people of south asian origin ckd can get gradually worse over. Stage 1: the egfr shows normal kidney function but you are already known to have some kidney damage or disease for example, you may have some protein or blood in your urine, an abnormality of your kidney, kidney inflammation, etc.
Kidney disease the kidneys have many important functions in the body aside from producing the active form of vitamin d filtration and removal of waste products from the blood. Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, describes the gradual loss of kidney function your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted in your urine when chronic kidney disease reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid.
Kidney disease – known as nephropathy – is a serious complication associated with long-term diabetes over the years, high blood glucose (sugar) levels and high blood pressure can damage the kidneys and prevent them from functioning properly or even cause them to fail completely diseases of the. Glomerular filtration is the main life sustaining kidney function, and kidney stones can cause enough damage to lower it usually the reduction is very modest, but sometimes stones can cause kidney failure this means, like all diseases, stones are best prevented as early and as completely as. Kidney disease usually causes a loss of kidney function to some degree and can result in kidney failure, the complete loss of kidney function kidney failure is known as the end-stage of kidney disease, where dialysis or a kidney transplant is the only treatment option.